Curious ladies are dying
to know. Could the articles be true? Is drinking a glass of wine
the health equivalent of working out at the gym? This. Is.
Here's the article: Resveratrol may be natural exercise performance
enchancer - Science Daily. If you have a Facebook account, I'm
sure you've at least seen the headline "Glass of Wine Equal to Hour
at the Gym!" and the equally delighted personalized status updates
by every woman and half the men you are "friends" with.
So, does the study actually prove this?
Kind of. A team of researchers on the University of Alberta Faculty
of Medicine and Dentistry found that resveratrol, a natural
compound found in some fruits, nuts, and wine, mimics the effects
of hard physical exercise on the human body. Although their
conclusions leaned more towards creating a resveratrol supplement
that could be given to patients that were unable to exercise --
such as a car accident victim with four broken limbs, I guess.
Naturally, the people did not stop there. Our lushy society has
taken it upon ourselves to extrapolate the potential ways this
could impact the average person. Can't make it to the gym tonight
after all? No problem -- have a glass of wine! Don't feel like
going for that run in the rain? Don't worry about it -- go back
inside and drink wine!
What's the catch? There
are a couple of details here. Again, their research was geared
towards creating a performance-enhancing supplement, not a
substitute for performance entirely. They said resveratrolmimicsthe
results of endurance training...it's not quite as perfect in every
way. Also, we are only talking about red wine here. "Why?" wonders
the lady who only likes sweet dessert wines. The answer is that
resveratrol -- the important part of the wine for this discussion
-- is found primarily in the skin ofredgrapes. White wine just
doesn't have the resveratrol levels that would make an impact in
your big sea of body.
Western medicine always
thinks it's discovering something new. Well...not this time,
fellas! Chinese medicine has listed red wine as a therapeutic
dietary choice for thousands of years. In TCM, red wine is dry and
hot, so it expels dampness and warms the interior, expelling cold.
Is that why I always crave a glass of Pinot Noir on a cold winter
The Chinese also use wine as a guiding element, directing other
herbs or foods where the body needs those influences. They see wine
as capable of moving blood and qi, which can help dispel not only
cold but also stasis and stagnation of many types and
manifestations. Both East and West recognize that red wine can
I'm not going to say that TCM wins again, but yes I basically am
saying that TCM wins again. Let's compromise over a glass of red
Or, at least you should be, because that's basically
your job. According to Deadman--our go-to acupuncture
manual--"Gushing Spring," as it's called in English, has the
primary function of "returning the unrooted back to its source."
Actions include "descends excess from the head," "calms the
spirit," and "rescues yang to revive consciousness." Pull escaping
things down; root them back to the earth. Sounds pretty
important...and it is.
The only point on the sole of the foot, KD1, as we short-handers
call it, is also the Jing-well and wood point of the Kidney
meridian. It has a strong descending power, and it can clear excess
from the upper parts of the body particularly well. It's just too
bad that it also happens to be perhaps the most painful acupoint to
needle in the clinic. I say "in the clinic," because although this
is perhaps the most painful point that we use in practice, there
are at least two very intimate points--Du1 and Ren1--that would
certainly be more sensitive. We. Never. Use. Those. Two. Points.
But please do take a moment and look them up for your reading
See, KD1 hardly even sounds painful now! So, why would we select
KD1 to needle? In practice, it's used mostly to treat severe cases
of Liver Yang Rising, Liver Wind, or Liver Fire.
Imagine a stressed out, irritable, hypertensive
patient with a red face, red "whites" of the eyes, ringing ears,
and an explosive headache. You're watching him, waiting for him to
stroke out at any minute. Oh yeh, he's getting KD1, and make it
bilateral! The process of bilaterally needling KD1 on any one
patient always seems tricky. Why would they ever let you approach
the second foot when the memory of how the first one went down is
still so painfully fresh?
Why? Because it works. Let's revisit an account from an
old--very old--2nd century Chinese doctor named Hua Tuo. He sees a
General. One minute, the General has "head wind, confused mind, and
visual dizziness." One minute and two KD1 needles later, the
General "was immediately cured." How, you might be asking, can
aKidney point so effectively resolveLiver signs and symptoms? As
you might suspect, there's a short answer, reminiscent of Daoist
simplicity, and then there's the longer, more complex answer that
is more representative of most of Chinese medical theory.
"The Kidneys and Liver share the same origin." Well,
OK then. There's our short answer. Or, for the longer version, we
can go into detail about how Kidney is the mother of Liver, and
water must nourish the wood to grow properly, and without the
proper Kidney yin, the Liver yang cannot be held down. The way that
Chinese medical theory has evolved, grown, changed, and revamped
itself over the past couple of millennia is really impressive,
because, as Dr. Kwon revealed to us in class, one right answer does
not make the other answer wrong.
Our Western brains are trained to be logical at every turn. If
energy comes from the external universe, then that's the right
answer. If energy comes from within the human body, then that's the
right answer. How can they both be the right answer at the same
time? In Eastern philosophy, it just is. I sometimes have to remind
myself that Chinese medicine isn't just a freak show of
"everybody's right" or "anything goes." That would be completely
ignorant of the intricacies of the system and the power of the
medicine. But still, it's great that there's more than one way to
the needle the patient.
To put this into action, consider some of the new
ways that KD1 is treated in practice. Let's just be honest--nobody
wants a needle in the bottom of the foot if they can help it.
Recently, researchers have tested out the practice of making herbal
plasters and applying them to the bottom of the foot over KD1, to
treat such excess conditions as mouth ulcers and hypertension. Now
that sounds good to me! You've turned a tortuous experience into a
day at the spa.
And finally, let us not forget the power of acupressure on KD1,
or as the laypeople call it--a foot massage!
If it was good enough for the Christ Child, then
it's good enough for me. That's my motto. I've been using a (gasp)
commercially prepared skin care product for the past month or so,
and these are two of the main ingredients -- frankincense and myrrh
Once again I've found myself playing the "overlapping medical
paradigm" game. You know the one -- you realize you're eating a
vegetable that also happens to appear in a Materia Medica
(giant book of medicinal herbs). Suddenly you second-guess yourself
at every meal. "Should I add sautéed onions to my steak," "Does a
cooked onion still hold the same medicinal properties as a raw
one?" Who eats raw onions anyway? "Is the live peppermint growing
in my backyard the same as the dried peppermint in my tea bags, the
essential oil of peppermint in my cabinet, or the bo he (Mentha
piperita) listed in my TCM Materia Medica?"
Now I'm having this same sense of wonderment about
my facial products. As I'm rolling on and rubbing in this blend of
ancient oils that smells distinctly like a special day in a
Catholic church, I'm pondering the reach of these powerful
substances. It's no secret that frankincense can run $100 per
bottle of essential oil, and myrrh comes in around $70.This is good
stuff, people. But why? What properties do they carry that have
made them, along with the missing "gold" in my formulation, so
heavily sought after for millennia? Myrrh was not only presented to
the baby Jesus but also used to anoint his body after death.
Egyptian pharaohs were also doused in the stuff.
Myrrh on the left, frankincense on the right
Myrhh (mo yao) has been a documented herb in TCM since
the Kaibao Era circa 975 AD. Frankincense (ru xiang) has been on
the books since 500 AD. How are they used in Chinese medicine? Both
come from small shrub-like trees in the Arabian Peninsula and
Northeast Africa, and both are used in resin form to invigorate
blood, treating a variety of "stasis" issues, from traumas to
tumors. Specific entries might look like this:
Myrrh: neutral, bitter, downward draining; enters
the Liver meridian; moves blood, dispels stasis, disperses phlegm
Frankincense: warm, acrid, aromatic; enters the Heart and Lung
meridians; moves blood, relaxes sinews, freecourses qi, and removes
obstruction from the channels.
Together, they have complementary properties of healing weeping
sores and engendering new flesh. Well, there we have it. Now I see
why this blend (which also includes lavender, Hawaiian sandalwood,
helichrysum, and rose oils) would be used as a facial formula of
the anti-aging variety. Hey, I'm 31. I might as well be
Qi Li Sanis the name of the formula utilizing the highly
effective complementary herbsmo yao(myrrh) and ru xiang
(frankincense). Technically they are resins, but we call every
substance in our Materia Medica an "herb." This
traditional formula combines our frankincense and myrrh with
dragon's blood (spoiler alert: not really the blood of a dragon),
catechu (another resin), carthamus (flower), cinnabar (ooh, an
illegal one!), musk (illegal plus you'd smell like a deer), and
borneol (one more resin for good measure).
Ayurvedic medicine, native to India, also uses
frankincense and myrrh, now sometimes in nutraceutical forms like
guggulsterones and bowsellic acids, respectively, for high
cholesterol and joint pain.
So, what am I putting on my face? Sure, an essential oil is not
exactly the same as a resin or a neutraceutical, or a Chinese
decoction for that matter, but that's not what matters. What's
important here is another step in the direction towards integrated
medicine. Maybe western and eastern are both right this time. As
one of my favorite patients helped me realize recently, you'll kill
yourself trying to figure out which is the one right
answer. There isn't one. Open your eyes, open your ears,
and open your heart to acknowledge the truth in each tradition.
No, not your lunchmeat. Today I want to
talk about your "lung meat." This is how my children and I refer to
their lungs. Got a cough? Well let's massage some eucalyptus oil on
your lung meats. They understand that I don't have to reach my arm
down the throat to physically touch the lungs themselves. My 7- and
4-year-old children are already hip to the Traditional Chinese
Medicine (TCM) concept of the internal and external functional
system known simply as the "Lung."
My children are wise. Maybe they -- like most children -- are
simply intuitive creatures. They haven't yet been shoved inside the
box, led to believe that there is only one right answer, or that
they must operate fully and submissively within the parameters
drawn by the institution. Wow, I really sound like an old-school
hippie on that one.
I had to take graduate-level TCM courses
to grasp the concept of the Lung as an entire system of
physiological interplay involving both internal organs and external
pathogens. Sometimes in TCM, "organs" line up perfectly with their
western paradigm counterparts. The Large Intestine is largely the
same thing in TCM and in the western understanding. A medical
doctor and an acupuncturist would agree that the Large Intestine
functions to absorb some nutrients from food, reabsorb some fluid,
and pass along the remaining waste in the form of stool. See?
Everyone's getting along.
Unfortunately, some western organs do not line up exactly with
their corresponding TCM "zang fu." Some translations are more
abstract, although still meaningful. Take the Heart for example.
While westerners know that your consciousness (mind/thoughts)
originates in the brain, we can stretch ourselves to accept the TCM
function of the Heart as the storage place for the Shen
The Lung falls
somewhere in between. TCM describes the Lung as a delicate white
umbrella in the upper jiao (we'll call that the "chest" for today),
misting the entire body with the perfect amount of moisture. Not
too much fluid, mind you, or you'll have a phlegmy cough. Not too
little either, or you'll have a dry cough.
In TCM, the Lung is responsible for so many processes and
conditions in the body. Again, some will be more easily accessible
to the logic of a western brain, such as how the Lung rules
respiration, opens to the nose, and governs the voice. We can
probably stretch again to accept the function of the Lung in TCM as
working with the Heart to control the blood vessels -- if you have
any idea about how the heart circulates the blood through the lungs
to oxygenate it before distributing it through the body. As you
feared, though, some of the Lung functions in TCM are unclear to
the western mind. Did you know that the Lung regulates qi (energy)
of the body? It regulates the water passages, controls the skin,
sweat glands, and body hair, and controls "descending and
dispersing" throughout the body.
What? That final function describes the
way that the Lung should work to descend qi in your body. You
shouldn't cough; if you are coughing, then that is explained as
"rebellious Lung qi" that needs to be more adequately descended.
When you catch a cold, TCM explains that this happened because your
Lung qi may have been wimpy. The Lung is the first line of defense
from our body to its surrounding exterior environment, and we need
strong Lung function to beat down any bad guys who try to sneak
As Dr. Zhu illustrated in a recent Advanced Seminar class, it's
easier to push an intruder back outside when he's just stepped
through your door. Sure, you can fight him down in your dining
room, but by then he's already broken your furniture and dumped out
your drawers in his path. What a great example. Dr. Zhu is
brilliant, but we already knew that.
Guess what? It's time to protect your
Lung meat. Right now -- today. In TCM, the Lung is the organ
connected to the season of fall/autumn. While some interpret this
to mean that the Lung is the strongest at this time of year, many
of us experience the opposite -- excessive or frequent Lung
pathologies -- wind-cold invasions and wind-heat invasions (the
common cold and flu). These pathogens are attacking through our
(often deficient) wei qi (protective energy layer), which again is
regulated by the Lung. If the Lung is weak, then the wei qi is
weak; thus, more colds for you.
What can you do to tonify your Lung? You can visit your favorite
clinician or intern to assess your wei qi and see how much
tonification you might need. Acupuncture is often appropriate, as
may be cupping, gua sha, tui na, or moxa. Even food therapy (a
branch of TCM) could be applied here. Pears are very moisturizing
and specifically target the Lung and Stomach meridian (think: colds
For some people, a Lung
excess pattern could exist. Instead of basic tonification, a
sedation technique might be the appropriate method. Who wants more
hot yellow phlegm in the lung meat? Not me. This is why
self-diagnosis and treatment can be dangerous. Not every head cold
is a wind-cold invasion. Many are wind-heat
invasions. While ginger or garlic might be great to release the
exterior wind-coldinvasion, it will probably exacerbate a
wind-heat condition, where peppermint would likely be the
What's the lesson here today? Care for your lung meat. Don't
smoke. Do drink water. These are the basics according to western
medicine, and TCM agrees. However, if you'd like to do more -- the
TCM way -- then see what an AOM intern has to say.
With the start of a new trimester here at NUHS, and -- for many
-- the start of a new school year, it's the perfect time to break
it down. Just what is Traditional Chinese Medicine? How does
acupuncture fit into the picture? Do you have to use herbs, too?
What about tui na, qi gong, and tai chi?
Let's not forget about my personal favorite -- dietary therapy!
Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) has arguably five branches,
and I'm going to give it to you as I understand it. After two full
years in the Acupuncture and Oriental Medicine Program, a first
professional master of science degree program, I think I'm finally
scratching the surface of what the ancient Chinese had to
This is the big guy, right? Acupuncture is the most
well-known branch of TCM today in the U.S., involving the insertion
of needles into specific points on the body. While some other
fields offer an abbreviated, "stick it where it hurts" method, we
TCM acupuncturists take the entire body, its functional organ
systems, and each person's general constitution into consideration
when deciding where to stick the needles. I know it's confusing
when you say your back hurts and I put needles in your legs, ears,
and hands, but just trust me. It's all connected through energy
meridians. This is also why we ask you about your poop when you
come in for knee pain.
Yes, it smells just like marijuana, but
it's actually a different herb called ai ye in Chinese
pinyin, artemesia argyi in Latin, or Mugwort in plain old
English. It does come in a tightly rolled stick form, we do light
the end, but instead of smoking it we hold it near an acupoint on
the body. After a few minutes of pecking the moxa stick close
enough to provide penetrating heat but never burning you -- I
promise -- you will reap the benefits of not only pain relief but
tonification of certain organ systems and the freecoursing of
energy through particular meridians. It feels great, but you will
have to explain to people for the rest of the day why you smell
Like many medical systems, from western
naturopathy to Indian Ayurveda, TCM has a unique Materia
Medica, or giant book of herbs, their properties, and their
medicinal uses. While you don't have to "do herbs," most students
at NUHS work towards the full MS of Oriental Medicine (which
includes the herbal coursework in addition to the acupuncture
work). Interesting fact: not all "Chinese herbs" are plant-derived.
Many are actually minerals, such as salt or arsenic, or
animal-derived, such as deer penis or flying squirrel feces. Just
seeing if you're paying attention (but yes, those are really all in
the Materia Medica).
dietary therapy, or food therapy, into the same branch as herbal
therapy above. Because I love the application of common foods and
nutritional principles so much, I'm awarding it half status as its
own category. Some items that we'd call "food," such as garlic or
onions, are also included in the Materia Medica as medicinal herbs.
They're working together -- that's the point. Who doesn't love the
ancient Greek saying, "Let food be thy medicine and medicine thy
food?" Thanks, Hippocrates, thy father of western medicine. The
Chinese happen to agree!
Can you pronounce it? Try this: twee nah.
Good job. This is most easily compared to the practice of massage.
Often called "Asian Body Work," these pushing and pulling movements
applied by the TCM provider to the patient's body accomplishes many
of the goals of general massage, such as relaxation and improved
circulation of blood and energy.
also where we are going to mention the practice ofcupping. Stick a
fire into a glass cup to create a vacuum that pulls toxins out of
the blood and releases the exterior in a "wind-cold invasion" and
you have a happy patient. In my admittedly limited clinical
experience, everyone loves cupping, but mind your manners. The
clinic is not an a la carte menu for your pleasure. Let the intern
and the clinician decide which modalities are best for your
condition each day.
Another new phrase for the day. Practice: chee
gong. Not so bad, is it? Qi gong offers the
practitioner a chance to step back, relax, and renew his or her own
energy and well being. Maybe you've seen images of elderly Chinese
individuals at the park, wondering why they are punching the air in
slow motion. That was a group of people cultivating their
qi. As Dr. Yurasek tells us interns, "You can't
give it if you don't have it!" Thus, practice your qi gong
postures and movements before you head in for your clinic
So, there it is--most of Traditional Chinese Medicine. We could
also tie in tai chi or talk about gua sha, but I
have to save something for next time! If you haven't tried TCM, now
is a great time. Interns are fresh off a nice two-week break, white
lab coats are pristine, and everybody's anxious to try out their
skills. See you in
• So What Is Chinese Medicine?
• Jabbing Nerves with Needles
• Mission in Nicaragua
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